Large, vigorous, free branching,
upright, well foliated varieties that are both winter hardy and shade
tolerant. Large, fragrant blooms appear in late June in colours ranging from white to mid pink, and are double to very double in
shape. Though non-recurrent, the regal growth habit and intoxicating
perfume ensures Albas a deserving place in the garden.
varieties of varying height, shape and habit ranging from low and bushy to
climbing. Most varieties are repeat flowering and all are very well
perfumed. Colours range from white and blush pink through to vermilion
red, and also red and white stripes.
Mostly large upright,
arching, hardy shrubs producing multitudes of richly scented very double
blooms in June. Blooms range in size from variety to variety, as does the
colour from white to purple. The exception to all this is Pompom de
Bourgone which is a densely branched miniature possessing intriguing
potential for many gardens.
As the class name implies
China Roses are descendants of roses that were discovered in China and
brought to Europe in the 18th century. They are all repeat
flowering and bushy growers of varying heights. Bloom shape is usually
double and colours include white, shades of pink, apricot and crimson-red.
Since Chinas are rather tender, they should be protected in winter.
Damasks are a lovely
group of old roses. They are usually medium sized shrubs growing to about
4-5', well foliated and upright growing though some have a tendency to
arch gracefully. Portland Damasks, as a group are dense, bushy, upright
and well foliated. What sets them apart from other Damasks is that they
are recurrent blooming and compact growing. Blooms are carried on a short
peduncle giving the appearance of being retracted into the foliage. Most
Damasks are non-recurrent but produce large fragrant blooms over a long
period. Portland Damasks are repeat flowering, and do so freely. As with
most old roses the colour selection is limited to whites, pinks, and wine
reds in varying shades.
Gallicas are my favourite
old roses. While they are non-recurrent, their bloom quality, bloom
quantity, character and history intrigue me. They produce good-sized
blooms ranging in colour from pinks to deep maroon on plants that are
bushy, well foliated and mostly upright. They are derived from the species
R. gallica that grows wild throughout Europe. One of the oldest cultivars,
R. gallica 'Versicolor' commonly known as Rosa Mundi, was in cultivation
as early as 1583.
Gallicas are winter hardy
in Pickering (Zone 5) without protection.
While few in number these
varieties are important, as they are some of the first yellow roses
hybridized. They are mostly non-recurrent, producing double blooms on tall
upright growing shrubs.
Rosa moyesii and its
hybrids are large bushy growing shrubs that produce mid-sized to large
open, flat single petal blooms in mid spring and set large, shapely fruit
in the fall. The varieties are all very winter hardy and reasonably
Hybrid Musks are an
exceptional group of roses, worthy of a place in any garden. They are all
cluster flowered, rapid repeat bloomers and very fragrant. Being fairly
modern varieties there is an extensive choice of colours and bloom shape.
Some varieties produce large single petal blooms, others fully double
blooms, and others trusses of small single petal blooms resembling a
hydrangea. The growth habit is usually a mounding bushy form but some are
upright and can be used as climbers. They're disease resistant, and will
tolerate partial shade.
Hybrid Perpetuals are a
group of varieties that dates from the mid-nineteenth century. Preceding
the introduction of Tea and Hybrid Tea roses, these were used extensively
for exhibiting in their day. All are repeat flowering and well perfumed in
typical double to fully double old rose form and colours (no yellows or
apricots), including some striped varieties. They are, for the most part
vigorous growing and upright, although some can become very lax and
arching if allowed.
These dense, bushy
varieties are also called Scotch or Burnet roses. They are
disease-resistant and winter hardy. The growth habit is usually twiggy
with the exception of Spring Morning, Spring Gold and Karl Förster, which
are more upright and erect. They are all non-recurrent, with the exception
of Stanwell Perpetual, which repeats very well producing mid-sized fully
Mosses originated from
Centifolias by a mutation of growth. Flower buds and stems are covered in
moss-like growth. They all produce mid-sized to large double or very
double flowers and are well perfumed. Some varieties are recurrent
blooming. Colours are typical to Centifolias, white to deep maroon,
although there are an apricot and a pale yellow variety among them. In
most cases they are upright, bushy growers but some can become lax if
Closely related to
Chinas, noisettes are vigorous growing varieties, the majority of which
are best used as climbers. They produce mid-sized very fragrant double to
very double varieties and are all repeat blooming. Our climate can be
rough on these; they have a tendency to keep growing late in the season,
which renders them more vulnerable to winter damage. In our climate they
should be planted in a warm, sheltered spot and protected for the winter.
These are the original
wild roses. Our collection includes many significant species from around
the world. They are non-recurrent and bear simple single petalled blooms
and produce hips in fall. Growth habit, bloom shape etc. is unique to each
variety. While most gardeners prefer the appearance of newer cultivars
available today the simple beauty of these roses can still be appreciated
in many garden settings.
Ramblers are, for the
most part, once flowering climbers, although there are some varieties that
repeat bloom. Common characteristics among all ramblers are the vigorous
growing pliable canes, and abundance of bloom in season. They are mostly
fragrant and blooms can be small single petalled in trusses to
medium-sized double blooms in clusters.
return to top